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Issues ofFire Arms

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A firearm is a portable gun, being a barreled weapon that launches one or more projectiles often defined by the action of an explosive. The first firearms in the world were invented in 13th century China when the man portable fire lance (a bamboo or metal tube that could shoot ignited gunpowder) was combined with projectiles such as scrap metal, broken porcelain, or darts/arrows. The technology gradually spread through the rest of East Asia, South Asia, Middle East and then into Europe. In older firearms, the propellant was typically black powder, but modern firearms use smokeless powder or other propellants. Most modern firearms (with the notable exception of smoothbore firearms) have rifled barrels to impart spin to the projectile for improved flight stability.


Issues ofMoney Laundering

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Money laundering is the process of concealing illicit sources of money to make it appear like legitimately earned money. Money which is evidently the proceeds of a crime is referred to as "dirty" money, and money which has been "laundered" to appear legitimate is referred to as "clean" money. The methods by which money may be laundered are varied and can range in sophistication. In purely definitional terms different countries may or may not treat (i) unlawful tax evasion, and (ii) payments in breach of international sanctions, as money laundering. Some jurisdictions differentiate these for definitional purposes and others do not. Some jurisdictions define money laundering such that if the money results from activity which would have been a crime if it had been done in that jurisdiction, then it should be regarded as money laundering, even if it was legal where the actual conduct occurred. Accordingly, under British law, spending proceeds from a bull fight in Spain constitutes money laundering, as if the bull fight had been conducted in the United Kingdom it would have been illegal.

 

 

 

Issues ofde- addiction

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Drug de- addiction (often drug de-addict or just de-addict ) is a term for the processes of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment, for dependency on psychoactive substances such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general intent is to enable the patient to cease substance abuse, in order to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused, especially by extreme abuse.


Issues ofscavengers

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Manual scavenging refers to the removal of human waste/excreta (night soil) from unsanitary, "dry" toilets, which are not connected to a sewer system. The practice is primarily conducted in South Asia.

In 1993 legislation was passed in India to ban manual scavenging, but has not been widely implemented. In February 2013 Delhi announced that it was the first state to ban manual scavenging and require construction of sanitary latrines.

In India in 1970s, Dr. Bindeshwar Pathak introduced his "Sulabh" concept for building and managing public toilets in India, which has introduced hygienic and well-managed public toilet system. In 1970s the state of Karnataka passed a law to ban manual scavenging.

 

 

 

Issues of Petroleum Products

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Petroleum petroleum, is a naturally occurring flammable liquid consisting of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other liquid organic compounds, that are found in geologic formations beneath the Earth's surface. The name Petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oils and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, it is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath sedimentary rock and undergo intense heat and pressure. Petroleum is recovered mostly through oil drilling. This comes after the studies of structural geology (at the reservoir scale), sedimentary basin analysis, reservoir characterization (mainly in terms of porosity and permeable structures). It is refined and separated, most easily by boiling point, into a large number of consumer products, from petrol (or gasoline) and kerosene to asphalt and chemical reagents used to make plastics and pharmaceuticals. Petroleum is used in manufacturing a wide variety of materials and it is estimated that the world consumes about 90 million barrels each day.


ISSUES OF PHYSICALLY CHALLENGED

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Disability is the consequence of an impairment that may be physical, cognitive, mental, sensory, emotional, developmental, or some combination of these. A disability may be present from birth, or occur during a person's lifetime.

Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Thus disability is a complex phenomenon, reflecting an interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives.